I have a notion in my head that I have been unable to write off, or have anyone consider it seriously as to see if there is anything useful in it. It really lies in the field of thermodynamics and chemical engineering for the creation of synthetic fluids with the right properties to make it work.
I have a idea for a heat engine to try and remove heat from the air . That is to take heat out of the air and turn it into mechanical energy ( probably to drive a generator to make electrically). Modern thinking and teaching is that the maximum possible efficiency of a heat engine is the Carnot efficiency which = temperature of heat source-temperature of heat sink/temperature of heat source. This is true for the engine itself but I believe a system incorporating a engine (driven by pressure. ie. turbines or piston engine) and a different way to create the pressure difference to drive the engine other than just a simple heat source and heat sink can be made to exact power from the ambient temperature around us. The problem is there is no colder heat sink to reject waste heat so I have come up with the following idea.
My background is in refrigeration and basically the idea ( this idea I'm thinking about, there are patents on it but no one has the thought of the application I have to take heat from ambient ) is like a absorption refrigerator. The first thought was to use common substance ammonia and water but this will not work as the pressures and temperature (thermodynamic properties of the fluids) are not good , particularly the freezing point of water . In reality synthetic fluids would have to be made for the job like they have developed synthetic refrigerants.
In absorption refrigerators ammonia would be the working fluid and water the absorber. If ammonia and water were used it would be like this, Ammonia is driven out of the ammonia water solution by heat(ambient heat from the air through a heat exchanger).the solution with lower ammonia in it then passes through the pumping energy reclaim turbine to the low pressure side of the system where through sprayers it mixes with very cold ammonia. Here ammonia is absorbed into the solution ( a process which produces heat)and the resulting mix of the warm solution, cold working fluid and heat of absorption producers a solution cold enough to have enough solution strength difference between the generator and absorber. The ammonia enriched solution is then pumped back to the high pressure side of the system (the generator) Meanwhile ammonia forced from the solution by heat goes from the high pressure side to the low pressure side by way of the engine where heat energy is exacted from it resulting in the ammonia leaving the engine very cold. Of course ammonia and water would not be used but synthetic fluids that work at lower temperatures (if any such fluids could be made)