The neutrinos have very small mass so should have some internal structure. It suggests that in the background of the Universe there should be two new types of particles associated with the mechanism which causes that one type of new particle acquires its own very small mass (I call it the gravitational torus – the very massive Higgs boson is not in existence) by interacting with the ideal gas/space composed of the very speedy smallest/structureless shapes which have not the gravitational mass (it is some analogy to the massless Higgs field). In my theory (see on www.cosmology-particles.pl ) the gravitational torus acquires the very small mass (about 10^-87 kg) because has the internal helicity and kinetic viscosity what causes that such gravitational torus sunk in the ideal gas/space transforms the chaotic trajectories of the smallest shapes onto the divergent trajectories. Torus it is the simplest shape which can have the internal helicity. The internal helicity has nothing with the spin (the gravitational torus it is FERMION built of the smallest shapes). Scattering collisions between the smallest shapes having the divergent trajectories with the having chaotic trajectories cause that around the gravitational torus is created NICHE (negative pressure) in the fundamental ideal gas/space. The depth of the niche is responsible for the strength of the attractive gravitational force. You can see that my mechanism differs very much from the Higgs mechanism.
My definitions of time and length are as follows:
Local unit of time it is the mean time between the direct collisions of the very speedy smallest shapes the fundamental ideal gas/space is composed of.
Local unit of length it is the mean distance between the very speedy smallest shapes the fundamental ideal gas/space is composed of.
1. Inside some black hole density of the particles is very high (so also the density of the gravitational tori). It means that created niche in the fundamental space is very, very deep. It also means that the number density of the free smallest shapes is VERY LOW. It means that mean distances between them are very large. So the local units of time have big values – it means that time goes very slowly. Also the local units of length have big values because the local fundamental gas/space is strongly ‘stretched’.
2. When frequency of photon is higher then depth of niche associated with the photon is bigger. It means that local time goes slower and local unit of length is bigger. But the ratio of the local units of length and time has always the same value – it means that speed of photon is always equal to the ‘c’.
3. Because our Universe expands the fundamental gas/space ‘contracts’ i.e. the mean distance between the smallest shapes decreases and time is going faster. It means that the inflationary models violate either the general theory of relativity or the law of conservation of energy. It means that the inflationary models they are the science fiction!