22nd August 2006 - 04:25 PM
The concept has been refined and is now ready, and the refined concept will not be ripped apart
THE “A” CONCEPT OF EVERYTHING
THE UNIVERSE IS ENERGY, TIME AND CREATION ITSELF.
There is no limit to how long the universe has existed and there is no limit to how long it will exist. That is the universe has always existed and it will always exist. The universe has no beginning and it has no end. It was always here and it will always be here and thus its age is infinite.
The universe is time itself, it is creation itself, the space it has and the energy within it is limitless. The universe, the vacuum and the energy particles at the simplest levels making it up were not created, have always and will always exist. The vacuum of space and energy within it can never be lost or destroyed it can only be change from one form to another or from one type of energy particle to another. The universe’s size is infinite, that is the size of the vacuum of space and quantity of matter or mass and energy within it is infinite. I will later explain in this paper why I think the universe, all these thing within it and about it are infinite.
Long before galaxies, solar system, stars (suns), planets, organisms, organic and inorganic substances and molecules, even before ions, atoms, electrons, protons, neutrons, photons, even before the extremely small energy particles which make up electrons, protons, neutrons and photons the universe existed as a endless or infinite vacuum in every direction in time and in space. And this infinite vacuum was filled to its entirety in every direction with energy in a very simple and pure form, in the form of extremely small energy particles. I will call these very simple and pure particles A, B and C particles. These simple and pure energy particles, which were present in universe at this point in time, were the A particles which were negative, the B particles which were positive and the C particles which were neutral energy particles.
These A, B and C energy particles with different yet similar behaviors and through different yet similar processes, combined together throughout the universe to create new and larger particles. These new particles then combined with each other and other particles of different sizes and energy levels to create even larger and more complex particles. With the high concentration of these large and even more complex negative, positive and neutral energy particles throughout the infinite universe, over a period of time each type of complex particle started attaching and colliding with each other and other simple energy particles and through very complex and energetic processes became fused together due to the complex reactions which took place between them, to create larger and even more complex particles. These complex energy particles are present today in the form of neutrons, protons, electrons, and high-speed nucleons and photons, etc. All these energy particles from the very small and pure ones which make up the A, B and C particles, up to the more complex ones such as the particles within an atom, would all be responsible for the emergence of many different forms and types of energy and forces throughout the universe, due to the energy which they have between each other and how they move and the energy levels which they have relative to each other. Forces and forms of energy such as sound, electromagnetic waves, heat, magnetic, nuclear, mechanical, chemical, electrical, frictional, gravitational, and attracting, repelling, pushing and pulling forces between particles.
Immediately after their creation the protons started to attract the electrons, but the new and larger particles formed from the two would not and could not become stable. That is they would not combine in a stable manner until neutrons or neutral particles also took part in the formation of the new and much larger particles. The electrons, protons and neutrons, then started combining in organized 1:1:1 ratios all over the universe and started to create the simplest yet one of the strangest atoms (that is hydrogen atoms: 1 neutron, 1 electron and 1 proton). The universe was now becoming filled with hydrogen atoms. Now with the proper balance between electrons, protons and neutrons the hydrogen atoms were now the largest, most organized and most stable particles in the infinite universe at this point in time.
At every level of energy where negative and positive energy particles are present or exist, neutral particles are needed to maintain order, organization, stability and leverage between the negatives and positives.
And with certainty I can say this is true in atoms. In most atoms electrons (the negatives), protons (the positives), and neutrons (the neutrals) all exist together and are maintained in the correct proportion and proper order and thus the atom remain stable and balance. Neutrons are needed in atoms to keep them stable, without the right amount of neutral particles the electrons and protons could not work together and would not remain in the proper balance. If a positive or negative particle were removed from an atom, the atom would remain relatively the same and relatively stable or even more stable; that is the atom could form ions or another atom. But if a neutral particle (a neutron) was removed from the atom, the proper order could not be maintained and if too much neutrons were removed the entire atom could become disorganized and unstable and it would start to breakdown, splitting itself into pieces releasing an immense amount of energy until the pieces it has split into became stable again.
In an atom like a uranium atom the relationships within the atom between the electrons and protons would or could only remain together or in proper order in the presents of the right amount of neutrons. If a neutron is removed the relationship between the electrons and protons would become unstable and violent, and the atom would split, releasing large amounts of energy to the surroundings.
In the randomness of decay or radioactive decay of atoms or elements there is also evidence that there is a need for the right amount of neutral particles within an atom’s nucleus. In an atom because the neutrons in the nucleus have no charge (they are neutral), nothing much can prevent these uncharged or neutral particles from leaving the nucleus of the atom. So neutrons can leave the nucleus almost at random. And without the right balance or amount of neutrons within an atom, order cannot be maintained between the electron and protons (negatively and positively charged particles). The atom will then start to breakdown, decay or disintegrate releasing energy or radiation in the form of alpha, beta and gamma rays and other electromagnetic waves, or in the form of free or loose, random moving and fast moving electrons, protons and neutrons. Thus the atom would effectively turning itself into another atom or element when the energy is released from its structure. This is especially true in radioactive atoms and isotopes.
Now back to what was being discussed at first. With the creation of stable hydrogen atoms every where in the infinite universe the biggest and most important transition had now taken place when pure and complex energy particles (electrons, protons and neutrons) were now working together in an organized way to create the simple atoms, hydrogen atoms, thus giving rise to matter and mass and also giving rise to the very important force of gravity and other such forms of forces and energy. That is with the creation of atoms, energy and force such as light, heat, nuclear, sound, magnetic, frictional, electric, chemical, gravitational and mechanical started to immerge and became important to the universe and how it would now be structured.
With the high concentration of hydrogen atoms present in the universe at that point in time and because of the presence of gravitational forces and the other forces, the atoms started to attract each other, colliding and releasing large amounts of different forms of energy. The attracting atoms then started to create giant hydrogen cluster or clouds, the clusters then started to attract each other creating massive or extremely large hydrogen gas clouds (with individual cloud’s diameter in the region of millions of light-years). An infinite amount of these “millions of light-years stretching” hydrogen gas clouds then started popping up all over the infinite universe, and in the process started revealing the vacuum of space between them.
These massive gas clouds with their high concentration of atoms and strong gravitational forces over a period of time continued to apply force and supply energy to the atoms within them, they then started to contract, becoming denser and more compacted revealing more of the vacuum of space between each other and also putting greater distances between each other. In other words the large gas clouds started to become more organized and took more regular shape because of the large amount of forces and energy within them, and in the same process started putting extremely large distances between each other. The large compact gas clouds would also start to rotate on their rotational axis, this would also cause the production of even more forces and releasing of more energy.
With an energy and pressure build up in the innermost layers (the core) of the clouds, the cores of the massive clouds then started fusing hydrogen atoms to create heavier and more complex atoms, much like what our sun is doing right now but on a much large scale, and in the process the cores of the massive clouds would be set into motion which would cause each massive cloud to start to speed up their rotate on the individual rotational axis. The massive clouds could now be called massive stars (massive rotating energy releasing bodies with their individual radius about 50,000,800,000,000,000 km) and because the size of these massive stars cores are very large (each star’s core measured in diameter in light years), the cores would fuse hydrogen atoms extremely fast and on a very large scale. These massive stars would be very different from normal stars in that they would have the ability to pass the point when most of the hydrogen atoms have run out but still remain very stable stars that is they have the ability to fuse many other atom other than hydrogen and they also have the ability to have a high percentage of their structure made of heavy and metallic elements. For example if there is a very high percentage of helium atoms within a massive star (star content: helium 90% and hyrogen10%) the star would fuse helium atom in preference to hydrogen, this is because the star is extremely large and its gravitational field is extremely strong so when energy is released by the thermonuclear fusion of helium the energy could not and would not be enough to cause the star to become unstable.
Over a period of time the rotating massive stars would continue to create and fuse heavy atoms, until a limit or point was reached where the energy being released in their cores and the massive forces generated by their rotation would cause each of them to become highly unstable. The massive unstable stars then at different points in time and at different rates erupted in to massive super supernova explosion releasing a burst of energy and matter in every direction out into the vacuum of space.
The scattered matter and energy from each of the massive stars’ super supernova explosions would then start to form large dense clusters or clouds of stardust (all the elements in the periodic table) near the original location of each exploded massive star. The scattered matter and energy from each massive star would now start to form massive expanding galaxies, in other words each “millions of light-years stretching” hydrogen gas cloud which turned into a massive star was a extremely large body that contained as much matter, mass and energy as a galaxy.
Depending on the rate, degree and size of the explosion of the massive unstable stars the different galaxy, which were formed, had different shapes; shape such as spiral shapes, etc. Over a period of time due to the high concentration of atoms, energy and gravity within the expanding galaxies regular size stars (suns), planets, and solar system started to form in deadly, high explosive, violent, high energy, yet organized way within the expanding galaxies. If a super supernova explosion did not completely break down a massive unstable star, large fractions of the star could remain in the original location of the massive star at the center of the forming galaxy. These large fractions could form very stable, very energetic and very large body and massive dust clouds at the center of the newly formed galaxy, these bodies could stop producing large amounts of energy after a period of time and these bodies could have other large bodies such as large suns in orbit around them or because each of these bodies would have large gravitational field they could share mutual gravitational pull on each other and could rotate and orbit about a single central location, these suns in orbit could be moving at very high speed (small whole number percentage values of the speed of light for the suns that are very close to the center of the galaxy).
The relationship between rotational and orbital motion of and within different objects:
From the smallest to the largest:
In atoms the electrons orbit the nucleus in electronic shells. Large amounts of atoms then come together to form large rotating objects such as moons, planets, suns and massive stars. Moons orbit planets; the rotating planets and their moons in turn orbit a sun. The moons, planets and suns, which are in motion then come together to form solar systems within a galaxy. Then within galaxies at their centers are large rotating bodies formed from the explosion and partial destruction of the massive stars during the creation of these galaxies. In each galaxy these large body at the center would have a special energy relation to every other object within the galaxy due to the fact that both the large body and all the solar systems within the galaxy were all apart of the large energy releasing massive star which the galaxy came from. The large number of solar systems within a particular galaxy would all be in orbit around the center of the galaxy, thus completing the orbital motion within a galaxy. And the motion of orbit even extend beyond single galaxies, in our region of the universe several galaxies tend to move in a synchronized manner, which would indicate that they are moving towards or are in orbital motion in accordance to a certain location in space, our galaxy being one of those galaxies.
The universe would now an endless or infinite vacuum in every direction, filled with an infinite amount of energy particles of all sizes and energy filled expanding galaxies moving in all directions, moving in synchronized and in random ways.
With the galaxies within the universe expanding and moving they will not remain organized forever and galaxies will start to collide. And again the universe had no beginning and it has no end. Its age is thus infinite. The universe with its endless vacuum and the energy within it was always here but some time in different forms.
One reason why the universe is considered infinite in terms of its age is because in term of an atom; the amount of times an atom and the particles making it up can be broken down or split up to get smaller particles or fractions, the amount of fractions would be infinite. That is because, say you have a molecule, you can split that molecule in to several atoms, then each of those atom can be split into electrons, protons and neutrons. Then each of those electrons, protons and neutrons can further be split in to even smaller particles, then those particles can be can be broken down to even smaller particles, then those small one to even smaller, then those smaller one can be broken down to the A, B and C particles that were mentioned earlier in this paper and those smaller and simple A, B and C particles can be broken down to even smaller particles and those can be split up or broken down to even smaller particles and soon and soon, and you could continue for ever and never stop and the particles you get could still be broken down further.
The bases or principles of the above statements are that if something exist then it must be made of something or it must contain some type of particle or it must contain some smaller thing working together. For example we all know protons exist therefore they must be made up of smaller particles working or coming together, we therefore know that those smaller particles inside proton exist therefore those smaller particles must be made up of even smaller particles. And each of those small particles had to be constructed or made at some point by the universe from even smaller energy particles. In simple terms an atom consist of an infinite amount of different size energy particles and the smaller a particle the smaller its energy level, and each energy particle in the atom was constructed at some point in time by the universe. Even if string theory (M theory) is correct and every atom and other energy particles or energy wave in the universe are made of vibrating strings, the fact would still remain that the strings would have a physical energy structure and they would also have to have some force or form of energy within them or some force or form of energy which had originally acted on them to cause or is still causing them to vibrate and the string would have to have a way of relaying messages between each other, which would mean that strings are made of smaller energy particles working together. And the fact that those smaller particles making up strings exist mean that those smaller particles within the strings must also be made of even smaller energy particles coming together or working together.
Another reason why the universe is considered infinite in terms of its age is because, some theories state that a big bang occur at some point in the past. Well I will ask the questions, where did the matter and energy in the big bang come from or where was this matter and energy located before if came here? Before the big bang what was in this location or region where we now call the universe? Their theories state that there was nothing here and nothingness normally means or represent the vacuum of space. Then I will ask the question, how long was this nothingness here before the big bang, or how old was the vacuum or nothingness and is the vacuum infinite in terms of its age and size? I would also ask the question was this enormous vacuum created or was it always here and can it be destroyed? And if it is destroyed what would take is place in the region where it was located? And if the vacuum was created what created the thing that created the vacuum?
One reason why I think the universe is infinite in terms of its size is because if the universe is not infinite in size then it must have a boundary or border around it. So I will ask the questions, if it has a border what would this border be made of? Would this boundary only enclose the matter and energy in the universe or would it also enclose the vacuum or void of space in the universe? Could this boundary be broken through? Would these boundary be visible in terms of would it be able to emit, reflect and absorb electromagnetic wave of all wavelengths? And if this boundary is made of matter or subatomic particle and other forms of energy particles could it have forces acting in it such as gravity and electromagnetism, etc? And what shape would this boundary form around the universe? That is would the universe have a spherical shape, cylindrical shape or would it have a irregular shape.
The newest concepts on stars, and on the construction, destruction and reconstruction of galaxies all over the universe based on the A concept of everything
The universe has the ability to have galaxies created, destroyed and reconstructed.
When a large enough star within a galaxy or when two galaxies meet, the galaxy or galaxies would start to become disorganized and extremely violent explosions would start to occur within the galaxy or galaxies, that is the solar systems within the galaxy would be destroyed, through a series of extremely large and violent explosion. That galaxy would then be changed back to large high energy dust and gas clouds, and due to the force of gravity the matter and energy among and within these large clouds, they would then start to move towards one or a few central location. This would then start to reveal the vacuum of space, which was previously occupied by the solar systems and their stars, thus recreating the massive rotating body called a massive star (massive energy releasing bodies with their individual radius about 50,000,800,000,000,000 km), which originally created that galaxy. Over a period of time the massive star or stars would then become unstable and again scattering the matter it had accumulated to recreate the galaxies or galaxies, which were previously destroyed.
It is not yet a proven fact that the universe can do this, has done this, or is doing this and will continue to carry out this construction, destruction and reconstruction process but I believe that this A concept will prove to be more logical than the other theories.
In summary my theories will explain theoretically in detail that these massive stars of which I speak are not wormhole or black holes nor portal to some other dimension or universe and are not bodies which destroys matter but that they are in fact extremely large stars with extremely large mass and density, with each having a radius of about 50,000,800,000,000,000 km, which exert an extremely strong gravitational force and release other forces and forms of energy, enough to breakdown and attract or pull in most of the matter within a galaxy or enough to make almost every solar system in the galaxy become a part of its structure. The massive stars would acquire their individual mass through a series of billions of massive and extremely powerful explosions through the galaxy they are in and along with their extremely strong and large gravitational field.
A law of physics states that every object in the universe has a gravitational field, but for a body or object to have a large gravitational field or strong gravitational force relative to another body, which it is attracting, the body has to have a large mass. Therefore the larger a body’s mass, the greater its gravitational field strength.
Therefore for a massive star to have such an extremely strong gravitational pull enough to suck in any material or matter near it, it has to have an extremely large mass. So that is why I have concluded that a massive star is not a wormhole or black hole that sucks up every thing even light but that it is instead a extremely large growing body with a extremely large mass, extremely large gravitational field and because of its large size consist of lots and lots of energy. And also because of it large gravitational field it is able to attract bodies or objects from great distances in space, the bodies it is attracting might then collide with other bodies to form clusters around it which would aid in its growth and also prevent it from loosing energy.
The creation of a Massive star from an existing galaxy:
Any large star or sun with a stable core, or any large star which can or has the ability to withstand the bombardment and explosive power of millions of large and extremely fast moving meteors and asteroids all at the same time (each meteors or asteroids the size of a small planet such as Pluto) has the ability to become a Massive star/ Growing star/ Giant star/ Mega star/ The large or massive bodies which were involved in the creation of galaxies.
Say our sun was much larger (about 3000 times larger in mass) and 65% of its structure was light metallic and nonmetallic elements, and the other 35% of its structure was hydrogen, and say the star still had a very stable core and it got hit by billions of large and extremely fast moving meteors or asteroids, or say large fragments from another large but unstable sun were to hit it, or say the sun got hit by a smaller but fast moving sun, or say a massive solar flare or jet of energy particles with the mass of 10000 Jupiter’s was launched from the core of the sun and move away from the sun in a straight line at haft the speed of light with extremely large amounts of energy and force in the form of enormous high energy jets. Then say this situations produce a series of large explosion beneath surface of this larger sun. Breaking the chromospheres and some portions of the photosphere in to billions of large segments or fragments, with the average kinetic energy or temperature of these segments being raised from tens of thousands of degrees Celsius to hundreds thousands and millions of degrees Celsius. The explosions within the sun or the unstable state of the chromospheres and photosphere could shoot these billions of extremely hot segments at high velocities away from the sun in every direction, along with many different kinds of deadly radiation, this would mark the start of the growth of the newly forming massive star.
These segments or high velocity fragments from the sun would amount to about 35 - 40% of the sun’s mass. The rest of the 60 – 65% of the sun would still remain relatively intact and partially stable, and would still continue to produce more radiation, light, heat energy and other forms of energy by thermonuclear fusion, and would also generate many massive shock waves throughout its structure.
The segments or fragments would be moving at such high speed that they could easily escape the gravitational pull of the sun, they would be moving away from the sun in the form of a fast outward moving high energy longitudinal and relatively spherical wave. If some of the fast moving fragments themselves do not have a strong gravitational force between each other, then they would continue to moving in straight lines away from the sun, the force which released the fragments from the unstable chromospheres and photosphere of the large sun should and would be enough to carry them out of the solar system at high velocity in a relatively short period of time.
The segments would at first be moving in a relatively straight line away from the sun carrying high energy dust, gases, solid and molten materials. Immediately after the segments have left the vicinity of the sun they would start to attract each other because of the strong gravitational force between them. Some segments would continue at high velocity, some would change directions, some would start to slow down while some would begin to speed up. Some small and medium size segments would begin to change direction and speed due to their attraction to each other and due to their attraction to the larger segments. The change in direction and speed of some of the fragment would begin to cause collisions between the fragments within the outward moving wave of fragments. Most segments would escape from taking part in any of these collisions.
The collision between the fragments would at first create an outward moving relatively spherical wave, cluster or cloud of high-energy particles, which would surround the remaining 60 – 65% of sun in all direction. In other words the remaining 60 – 65% of sun would have a giant outward moving high energy membrane made of the materials that were left when the fast moving, high energy fragments which collided with each other. The cloud or cluster would consist of the same material as the segments (star dust in the form of plasma, high energy particles of gases and metals and other energy particles). The cluster would at first be moving outwards at a reasonably slow speed compared to the speed of the segments that had escaped the collisions.
Many of the escaped fragments would now be in a direct collision curse with many other stars and planets in different locations in the galaxy. The direct collision of a high-energy fragment with a planet or unstable sun or even a stable sun would be catastrophic for that body, when the high energy fragment collide with that body the amount of energy released would be enormous and could destroy that solar system and, or eventually that most of the stars and solar systems in the galaxy.
Say the growing massive star was close to the earth and its solar system and one of these segment were to collide with the earth, the massive explosion would not only destroy every thing on the surface of the planet, but it would destroy the entire planet. The massive explosion caused by the segment along with the high energy core of the planet, would break the earth into thousands of trillions of trillions of pieces of high energy and molten rocks fragments, and fast moving clusters of high energy dusts and gases. The explosion would cause the fragments from the earth to scatter in ever direction away from the location where the earth was at extremely high velocities. Some of the fragments from exploding planet would immediately be heading directly towards the newly formed and growing massive star, and also towards the large cluster or high-energy stardust and plasma membrane surrounding the growing star, and would get trapped in it gravitational field. These would amount to about 40 – 45% of the fragments after the explosion of the earth which would be trapped in the growing star strong gravitational field. The high velocity fragments from the planet now trapped in the growing star’s gravitational field would begin to move towards the growing massive star at extremely high speeds but would be slowed down and broken down into smaller pieces by the high energy cluster or cloud surrounding the growing star. The fragments, which were broken down, would now become a part of the now inward moving high-energy cluster or membrane of stardust surrounding the growing star. The cluster would now be moving inwards towards the massive star’s surface; due to the large and strong gravitational field of the growing star it would begin to pull particles from or within the large high-energy cluster towards it. As high-energy fragments from the bodies, which were caused to explode, by the high-energy fragments from the growing star, now become a part of the large high-energy cluster surrounding the growing star, the high-energy cluster would start growing or it would start acquiring mass or matter, the growing massive star would then acquire the matter which it needs for its growth form the high-energy cluster around it. The larger or the more mass the growing star has the greater and the stronger its gravitational field becomes, thus it could and would acquire more matter or mass at a faster rate form the high energy cluster.
The high velocity and high energy segments that came from the growing star, the other 55 – 60% of the high-energy fragments from the earth and the high-energy fragments from other bodies, which were caused to explode, by the high-energy fragments from the growing star, would continue to move towards other stars and other bodies in the galaxy, this would cause a series of massive cosmic collisions and massive explosions or supernova explosions throughout the galaxy. These collisions and explosions or cosmic chain reactions would mark the beginning of the destruction of the galaxy.
With the destruction or explosion of each planet and unstable star by the high velocity segments or high energy fragments, the exploding bodies would at first distribute about 35 – 35% of their mass to the cluster surrounding the now growing star thus enabling the star to grow. The grow star would remain stable as it grows and could not and would not get hit by any large external high energy object, this is because the now inward moving cluster surrounding it would slow down and break down all the large high speed fragments moving towards it.
How the growing star collects matter from the relatively spherical high-energy cluster or cloud surrounding it:
The small high energy particles of dust, molten rocks and gases close to the sun within the innermost layers of the cluster would be pulled into the growing stars dense high energy atmosphere by its strong gravitational field. The immense heat, radiation and other forms of energy being produced by the sun would then break down the already small particles into their smallest form (atoms and ions) as they enter the atmosphere. The high-energy atoms and ions would then be distributed on rotating sun’s surface, causing the mass of the mass star to become large, in which case its volume could increase, density would increase and its electro magnetic and gravitational field would become stronger and larger. This is when the growing star is officially said to be become a massive star and its growing gravitational field would now be capable of attracting or pulling objects (such as the mass of an entire star or planets) in other solar systems towards it or it would have the ability to pull entire solar systems towards it.
Where and Why Spherical high energy clusters form around high energy object:
Spherical high energy clusters like the one around the growing star would not form around many the billions of exploding unstable suns, planets and other objects, which were caused to explode, by the high-energy fragments from the growing star. This is because the collisions, which form the cluster, depend on the size of the fragments and how strong the gravitational forces between these fragments are. If the collisions to form the clusters do not begin to take place immediately after the explosion of the body, then the collision between the fragments would not take place at any other point in time near the location of the exploded body.
Compared to the fragments, which came from the now growing star, the fragments from an exploding unstable star or planet would be relatively small but they would move through space at a much higher speed, and the gravitational forces between them would be very weak. While the fragments from the stable sun that formed the now growing star would be very large and the forces of attraction between them would be very strong. They therefore would tend to attract each other more readily to cause collisions, which would form the high-energy clusters of stardust. The explosive power of the fragments from the stable star would not depend totally on their speed but mostly on the large mass (size) and on the high energy reactions taking place on and within them.
The fragments from the unstable suns and planets would be relatively small and the gravitational force of attraction between them would be very weak. If they do not begin to attract each other when they are close together, they would continue to move further and further apart with the gravitational attraction between them getting weaker and weaker thus eliminating the possibility of the formation of a very large cluster near the source, fragments are in the closest proximity to each other immediately after the explosion. The explosive power of these fragments would not depend on their size or temperature but on the extremely high velocity at which they travel, due to the fact that the body that they came from would have being completely destroyed thus giving them the energy to travel faster.
Thing that can happen to the growing massive star:
During the formation of the massive star was complete or before it was fully developed, many different situations could cause the star to become highly unstable and explode, scattering the matter it had gather back out at high velocity and temperature in every direction into space. This scattered matter would help to reform the partially destroyed galaxy, which the growing star was located in.
If the massive star remains stable during its growth and remains stable when it has stop growing or have stopped collected all the matter near it in the galaxy, then there are two possible out comes for the now fully developed massive star.
One of the out come is during the formation of this giant star (massive star), more than one was formed in a similar manner in other parts of the galaxy. These massive stars would now be extremely dense and their gravitational fields would be extending for several thousand light years. These massive stars would still continue to produce lots and lots of light, heat, and other forms of energy in extremely large amounts, they would then start to attract each other and the speed of these mega bodies would start to increase as they move closer and closer towards each other. The massive bodies would continue to move faster and faster and closer and closer towards each other, increasing their temperature, explosive power and velocity. They would then start to become unstable as their temperature increases to tens of billions of degrees Celsius and as their motion begin to increase. They would then collide at extremely high speeds, creating a massive and extremely violent explosion. This would mark the start of the reconstruction process of the galaxy, which was destroyed by the massive stars and their activities.
The second and final outcome: this outcome or the first outcome could be the outcomes, which would recreate the galaxy or may have been the situations that originally created the galaxy the now destroyed galaxy.
In the second out come, only one mega star is created, which remain stable as it produces its energy in extremely large amounts. It continues to combine lighter elements to get heavier elements, it would also fuse the heavy elements within it to get even heavier elements until a point or limit is reached where it has to find another way other than fusing atoms to produce energy. With the extremely high temperature and pressure, vibrations and other motions within the mega star, the high energy atoms within its core would start to emit or release massive amounts of large and small high energy particles (such as nucleons and neutrons, etc), the reactions within the core would now stop fusing atoms and would start to split atoms, splitting the heavy elements (such as metals) which it had produced back into light elements (such as gases especially hydrogen the simplest and most stable atom). The splitting of heavy elements by nuclear reactions to produce energy, within the massive star, would begin to cause a series of extremely large nuclear explosions or a series of massive chain reactions within the entire structure of the massive star, which would cause the mega star to become highly unstable and extremely violent.
In its unstable state the rotating massive star would then erupted into a mega super supernova explosion in one or several massive and violent explosions. This massive explosion would break the mega star into billions of trillions of trillions of high energy fragments made of stardust and these fragments would be of many different sizes (that is different mass, volume and density), the fragments would also be accompanied by large amounts of large high energy clouds also made of massive amounts of stardust (most of the elements in the periodic table). The high speed and high-energy fragments and clouds would be scattered in relatively every direction from the location where the star was.
The massive and violent explosion of the mega star would be the important situation, which would or could recreate the galaxy. The size and power of the explosion along with the rotation, gravitational field and large centripetal force of the exploding massive star would determine the size and shape of the galaxy that is whether it would be shaped like a large spiral or whether it would be shaped like a large and loosely organized cluster of stars and solar systems in space. The explosion would also determine the rate at which the forming galaxy would expand or the rate at which the high-energy fragments would move away from the original location of the of the massive star which had exploded. The location in space where the massive star was located would become the center of the forming galaxy.
As a massive star grows it acquires more energy and as its energy levels increase its rotation would also increases, this would cause certain forces to start to oppose the large gravitational and magnetic forces within the massive star. The opposing forces would be acting mostly perpendicular or at right angles to the rotational axis of the massive star, as shown in the diagrams below:
A rotating object, body or cloud is just a object or body with its structural particles or the particle making it up in orbit around its rotational axis. If the object is completely solid, molten or is a extremely dense cloud, as the object rotates the particles orbit the axis would normally uniformly or would complete a orbit of the axis at the same time and the only why this could occur is if the particles furthest from its axis had the most or largest amounts of energy, this is because the particles furthest form the axis would have a larger distance to travel than the particles closer to the axis to complete a orbit around the axis, so because they have a greater distance to travel they would need more speed and more mechanical energy. If the object starts to become compact its rate of rotation would increase because the particles furthest form the axis would start to move closer to the axis and as they move closer they would have a smaller distance to travel to complete a orbit around the axis and because the have more mechanical energy than the rest of the particles they would also transfer some of their energy or momentum to the other particles close to them thus also increasing those particles energy levels, these increases would cause the increase in the rate of rotation of the large object. If the rotating object has a unstable or high energy producing core and a large gravitational field the forces which are acting at right angles to the axis of the body and are opposing the gravitational forces within the object would be multiplied or be amplified and this would cause a change in the shape of the object. In the case of the massive star because the core is producing massive amounts of energy of all type, the forces acting perpendicular or at right angles to the rotational axis of the massive star would be amplified or multiplied by large amounts and could or would now slowly and easily overcome the portions of extremely powerful gravitational and electromagnetic forces also acting at perpendicular directions to the rotational axis of the massive star. While only a relative small force would be opposing the extremely powerful gravitational and electromagnetic forces acting in areas parallel to the rotational axis of the massive star. This would cause the rotating massive star to start to become flat, that is the massive star would no longer be spherical but would start to have a more rotating disk like shape. As shown in the diagram below:
As the massive star energy production increases its gravitational field would remain relatively the same in all direction buts is rate of rotation would increase and the strength of the forces opposing its gravitational pull at right angles to is rotational axis would also increase. And as the unstable state of the core of massive star develops the forces opposing its gravity would be a major factor in helping to determine the direction and rate at which the high-energy fragments would move away from the original location of the massive star or the shape and size of the forming galaxy and the rate at which the forming galaxy would expand, when the massive star explodes. In the case of a exploding high energy fast rotating massive star because large forces were already opposing its gravitational field at right angles to its rotational axis most of the matter or high energy materials from the exploding body would more easily and readily move or would more likely move in direction at right angles to the rotational axis of the exploding massive star thus giving the forming galaxy the shape of a flat, spiral wheel with a bulge at the center with the matter in the galaxy moving outwards but still in orbit around the rotational axis of the now destroyed massive star, which was located where the bulge is. As shown in the diagram below:
If some situation or something were to occur during the formation of the massive star which cause it to stop its rotation, this would prevent the massive star from having a rotational axis and their would be no major force opposing the gravitational and electromagnetic forces within the massive star in any specific direction. This would leave the forces being produced by its core free to evenly oppose its gravitational pull of the star in all directions, and because of this the massive star would not become flat and would take a more spherical shape. As this massive star become unstable and explode, the forming galaxy would also take a more spherical shape instead of a flat and rotating shape.
Energy of all forms and types would be produced by the explosion of the massive star whether it was rotating or not and would be moving with the waves of fast moving fragments and stardust clouds away from the original location of the massive star (center of the galaxy) in every direction. All of this energy would remain long after the explosion of the massive star.
The large, medium and small fragments along with the different size dust and gases cloud from the explosion of the massive star would be the bodies, objects or materials which would reform the solar systems, suns, planets, moons, meteors, asteroids and comets within the new galaxy. The size or mass and amount of energy within a solar systems and the bodies within that solar systems and the distance of that solar systems from the center of the galaxy would depend on the size and energy levels of the fragments and stardust clouds which will create it, and would also depend on the amount of fragments and the strength of their gravitational forces .
I have several concepts on how the solar system would be recreated after the explosion of the massive star; these theories are mostly modifications of other theories and concepts.
Of the high-energy fragments that broke off the mega star the fragments with the largest mass along with the largest volumes of stardust clouds would be the large bodies or objects, which would reform many of the stars (suns) within the solar systems of the galaxy. The extremely large fragments and dust clouds would have traveling with them, other small and medium size high-energy fragments, dust and gas clouds; these large amounts of small and medium objects would reform planet, moons and other heavenly bodies within a solar system.
Upon exploding, the high energy, large and fast moving fragments and clouds would move in every direction away from the original location of the mega star. These large fragments and clouds, whose individual mass would be about the same as a normal sun’s mass, would have large amounts of smaller fragments along with dust clouds and other small particle accompanying them or traveling with them through space. In other words the smallest high energy fragments and clouds, whose total mass would amount to about the same as several large rocky and gas planets, would be accompanying the larger and violent energy releasing fragments at high velocity, in a similar manner to how the tail of a comet travels, trail behind or accompany the head of the comet. That is the head (coma and nucleus) of the comet would represent the largest high-energy fragment or dust and gas cloud (a sun in its early stage), while the long sparkly tail of the comet would represent the smaller fragments and dust clouds traveling behind the largest fragment.
Upon leaving the exploding mega star, nuclear reactions or chain reactions, that is the splitting of heavy elements to form lighter element would continue to take place within the large fragments and small fragments. In the largest high energy fragments the nuclear reactions would cause small portions of their outer layers to break off and become a part of their trailing tails. The reactions would also further break up the small fragments making up the tail, thus causing the tail to breakdown in to more high-energy dust and gas clouds.
These nuclear reactions splitting the atoms within the fragments, would continue to take place within the loosely formed suns (largest fragments) and would also continue within the smaller fragments in its tail, until a limit or point is reached where most of the heavy elements within the largest fragments and their tails have been broken down or split up back into light elements such as hydrogen. By this time the loosely formed sun and its tail would start to resemble a extremely large and fast moving cloud made of high energy dust and gases, and some small fragments, with a more organized head and tail, and would also start to resembling a giant shooting star. Most of the mass, energy and gravitational force within the fast moving giant cloud would be located in its head (sun), that is about 80% of the mass and energy within the fast moving cloud would be located in its loosely formed suns. The head or loosely formed suns mass or structure would be made up of mainly light elements or gases (which were created during the chain reactions which changed the heavy elements back to light ones) and a much smaller volume of heavy metallic elements. Most of the heavy metallic elements which were not fully broken down by the atom spitting nuclear reactions would be located in the form of large amounts of small fragments and dust in the tail of the giant cloud (young solar system). These small fragments and dust clouds would remain in or as a part of the tail along with large amounts of small gas cloud.
Some possible out comes for the forming suns and their organized tails after the formation are:
1. Each giant high energy cloud could begin to slow down on its own due to the gravitational, electromagnet and other forces acting within it, between the large loosely formed young star, the small fragments and the dust and gases cloud throughout its structures.
2. One giant cloud’s motion or forming sun and its tail’s motion and its other activities could be obstructed or disrupted by the large gravitational field and physical structure of another giant dust and gas cloud; that is two giant clouds could pass very close to each other, which could or would cause the two giant dust clouds (young solar systems) to change their direction and speed, this could also cause the structure and size of their tails to change and could cause their tail to start to orbit the developing suns at relatively high speed.
3. One fast moving star and its tail (other young solar system) could move so close to the other young solar system, that the strong gravitational field of one of the young solar system could cause the other to lose some of its mass. That is a small amount of gas particles and small high-energy fragments could break of from one giant cloud and become a part of the other giant cloud’s structure. The gravitational force of the clouds could be so strong that it not only causes some of one giant cloud’s structure to break off but it also cause the two to collide into each other at very high velocity, thus causing the two young solar systems to combine into one large dust and gas could where they could continue to develop as one large new solar system.
Whatever the out come, upon slowing down the giant dust and gas clouds would start to become more organized due to the gravitational forces acting within them and would be the bodies or objects which would reform the solar systems within the galaxy.