14th August 2005 - 12:41 AM
There are three valid ways to form the universe from a singularity, i.e., continuum, wave and discontinuous.
The first group are the continuum mass expansion models like Big Bang. If the mass potential is higher than the heat when the universe expands we get a closed universe. If the heat is higher than the mass potential when the universe expands we get an open universe. In both case, the universe expands as a continuum of hot but cooling similar particles, until discontinutiies appear for superstructure. (Mass-heat)
The second group are the wave expansion models like wave-particle theory and string theory. If the distance potential of the waves is higher than the heat we get a cooler open universe. If the heat is higher than the distance potential we get a hotter closed universe. In both cases, a continuum of matter is gradually appearing from the waves. This eventually leads to discontinuities appearing for superstructure. The matter connection allows the break between a pure light speed energy wave expansion. (Distance-Heat)
The third group are the discontinuous expansions. These are new. In this case mass and entropy (distance) appear before heat. If the mass potential is higher than entropy we get the discontinuities needed so the Big Bang can form the superstructures. If the entropy is higher than the mass potential will get a much more extended discontinuous expansion. (Mass-Distance)
This third group expands due to entropy into space instead of force from a point. Without force there is no heat. An entropy expansion is endothermic. Heat and force appear after a preliminary discontinuous expansion leading to X-number of simultaneous mini big bangs.
14th August 2005 - 01:42 AM
Singularities don't work; at least not matter singularities.
The gravity of this universal mass would make it a black
hole without the possibility of expansion or inflation.
The universe didn't begin as a singularity. Instead it
was an energy buildup that became mass spread out.
If mass comes into existence spread out there is no
longer the problem of overcoming infinite gravity.
What's required to make the Big Bang Model work
is an energy buildup not a matter singularity.
How do you like that?
14th August 2005 - 05:20 AM
In Einstein's GTR gravity itself is a cosmology.
And guess what?
It's a continuous cosmology.
IOWs Gravity is a continuum.
14th August 2005 - 02:02 PM
I agree with you. If one looks at any star, gravity helps drive fusion which causes matter to convert to energy. If the universe collapsed toward a singularity then it would follow that a complete phase change would occur with all matter being converted to energy.
A total universal gravity based collapse would gradually cause all the particles within the universe to become increasingly elementary in nature and will increasingly shift these particles toward the highest energy elementary particle states of matter and energy. In the limit, these highest energy elementary particles will begin to overlap to form something analogous to the primordial atom. If we take this primal overlap to the extreme, the distance variable will disappear between all these extreme particles, as they all overlap at their geometric centers to form a primal point. This is loosely analogous to a mega black hole where matter can no longer exist.
When the distance variable equals zero everywhere in the universe, a force discontinuity will be created. This force discontinuity is a paradoxical state. On the one hand, the force discontinuity implies something like infinite force is exerting itself on a finite amount of energy/mass equivilent. On the other hand, the force discontinuity also implies something like force disappearing from the universe. This paradoxical state is indicative of the alpha state of the universe implicit of t=0. In other words, at the beginning or at the t=0, there was not yet force in the universe, but there was nevertheless a very powerful, almost infinite force potential, i.e., 100% certain, for the universe to expand/accelerate.
There is a simple and logical way for the universe to expand while also simultaneously fulfilling both of the paradoxical potentials implicit of the state of the universe when d=0 and t=0. Both paradoxical potentials can be fulfilled, simultaneously, if time remains stuck at zero, while only the distance variable increases away from zero. On the one hand, force requires time to act such that without time force doesn’t yet exist. On the other hand, any finite distance expansion away from d=0, in zero time, is analogous to acceleration as though infinite force is acting.
The primal point, by creating the force paradox, causes the mega black hole state of the universe to change phase into a timeless state that is temporarily governed by entropy, ie., distance potential, so it can express the force paradox. Maybe it occurs as a surface tension effect that breaks the point size big bubble into many point size little bubbles, i.e., energy is conserved but surface area and entropy increases. The result is a discontinuous expansion, maybe a biological cell style quantum division due to T=C rather than time being finite and inertial. When force and time reappear we get billions of mini big bangs.
The mini big bang phase change logically occurs as a continuum, wave and discontinuum expansion all acting at the same time. This forms the primal neutrons, electrons and protons, respectively. The continuum nature of the primal neutrons carries on to this day and is reflected by neutrons still liking dense continuum orientations like nuclei and neutron density. The electrons still express their primal wave roots within its modern particle/wave nature. While the proton still reflects its primal discontinuous expansion roots by creating the quantum discontinuities associated with atoms and orbitals.
Everyone is expressing parts of the truth.